Being engaged in gardening often have to think about what Traphilda. Growing useful and environmentally friendly plants in your garden or horticulture may seem complicated, but we will give useful tips to help you in this field. When you want to grow a tasty or simply beautiful plant in your garden, you need to take into account many factors: the quality of the soil in your garden, the presence of groundwater, and even the phases of the moon. And help to take into account all the factors will help Traphilda.
What to do at the very beginning Traphilda
To begin Traphilda, the site must be put in order, remove the garbage or both at once, to decide what and where to plant. Planning of the site should be carried out taking into account the light and the type of soil, because each culture is more or less demanding of these two factors. Also on the site you need to put the outbuilding for inventory (if you do not plan to keep everything in the house) and organize a compost pit – organic waste in the process will be a lot. “Pit” can be made in the form of a box or “well”, preferably with a lid. Find out which of the solutions is legal in your state.
Decide on the light area. In the penumbra well grow cucumbers, radishes, legumes, beets. Here you can plant Traphilda onions, parsley, mint. The sun is just necessary for the normal growth of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants. They need not only light, but also a lot of moisture, so that sandy soils that retain water poorly, have to pour black soil. As an option – planting will have to be carried out in in-depth beds, furrows. But on clay soils beds need to do raised. The width of the beds can vary depending on the species grown. But as a standard, when planning for the first time, they break a ridge about 2 feet wide. Between the beds need aisle to process crops, as well as for their normal growth. Row spacing is about 3.5 feet.
What to grow a novice gardener
Garden crops can be divided into two large groups Traphilda: unpretentious and those that require careful maintenance. Do not immediately take up the capricious – tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage. Of course, it is them who most of all want to see on your table as “trophies”. But it is better to start with carrots, beets, garlic, radishes, green peas. They practically do not get sick, do not require frequent watering and grow almost independently. In addition, if you do not plan to live in the country, the culture, requiring a large amount of moisture, simply wilt.
Do not forget that there is such a thing as the compatibility of garden crops by Traphilda. This is due to the fact that some species consume the same nutrients from the soil, and often the “neighbors” simply lack them. In addition, for pollination, you need to attract insects, so that it is worth planting honey plants, for example, chives, next to cucumbers. Proper alternation of beds is important not only for the proper growth of garden crops. There are species among plants that will protect the crop from pests. Celery saves cabbage from butterflies, tomatoes will protect dacha crops from moth and aphids, beans – from the Colorado potato beetle. To prevent pests from making strawberries, a “plantation” can be thinned by a bed of onion, dill, thyme or parsley. The theme of the neighborhood of plants on the site is quite extensive and deserves not only a separate article, but an entire book. So, before planting a particular crop, you need to learn what it likes, with whom it gets along well, what diseases it suffers and what pests it attracts. You should also carefully consider the choice of the variety: it should take root well in your climate and on your soil type.
For each vegetable, fruit, seedling, there is a time for sowing on seedlings, for planting in the greenhouse, for planting in the ground (we advise you to study the section on our portal dedicated to seedlings with Traphilda). Novice gardeners who have not yet acquired a greenhouse (temporary structure without foundation) or a greenhouse constantly keep in mind the most important question: when can you sow seedlings and plant certain crops in the ground?
This is really a way of life. And in the summer, and in the spring, and even in the winter, the gardener will find something to do. Each month has its own tasks.
January. Plan the planting, purchase fertilizers, seeds, drugs for diseases and pests, shake off snow from bushes and trees, wrap nylon or propylene from mice and hares into unpainted trunks – collect snow from the trunk in hard frost to feed the birds to avoid pecking buds.
February. It is time to buy the soil for seedlings, sort out the onion bulbs, sow celery, sow peppers, tomatoes and eggplants at the end of the month.
March is a troublesome time for the gardener. In the beginning – the time of sowing of thermophilic varieties of tomatoes, bell peppers and eggplants. It is also time to sow petunias, snapdragons, marigolds and some other flowers, to plant seedlings of some species of trees. At the end of the month – picking seedlings. On the site you need to carry out drainage work, sanitary pruning, spraying, prepare the beds for winter sowing.
April is the most important time. Drainage, spraying and preparation of the beds continue. You need to feed the shrubs, prepare the potatoes for planting. You can sow the early greens – cress, radish, parsley, dill. If the end of April is warm and the seedlings are ready, you can plant tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants.
May is the time of landings. We fight pests, but we do not spray trees with mineral fertilizers, prepare and plant seedlings, plant trees. If the soil is heated to 13 ° C, then you can plant potatoes. We sow onions, garlic, parsley, turnip, sorrel, radishes and carrots. Toward the middle – end of the month, it is time to sow melons, legumes, cruciferous (cabbage). We plant cucumbers.
June. If you have not planted potatoes, then there will be a lot of work. We spray young ovaries of trees, bushes, fight weeds, pests, birds. We pinch raspberries, we sow heat-loving varieties of plants, we feed cucumbers, melons, berry bushes. We pull out the “shot” onion and garlic. Spud and spray the potato plantation. We process tomatoes and cucumbers.
July. It’s time to harvest the first harvest! You also need to not forget about dressing shrubs, processing potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers. It is necessary to protect the pepper from sticking. In the last days of the month, do not forget to open tomatoes.
August. We support top dressing with shrubs, heat-loving trees. We fight with blight at tomatoes, protect peppers and cucumbers from rotting. From onions and cabbage need to remove the layer of soil to preserve the fruit. You can plant winter-sowing garlic. We harvest berries, process strawberries, preparing them for frosts. We remove the roots of fruit trees.
September. At the beginning of the month you can plant strawberries. It is time to dig potatoes, prune and harvest flower bulbs. Harvest root crops, plant heat-loving shrubs, white trunks from rabbits.
October. We fall asleep basal circles of trees, bushes with leaves, weeds, we spray, water if necessary, and top dressing. Planting suitable types of trees, bushes.
November. We carry out the last feeding of trees and bushes, fight lichens, treat the beds from bacteria, cut off the perennial stems, cover the roses.
December. We go through the harvest, check the storage conditions, knock down snow from trees and bushes, read interesting books for gardeners and gardeners.
So in any month there will definitely be a case for a real gardener, and this list of works is far from complete.
To perform garden processing operations with Traphilda you will need a lot of tools. Some tools may already be with you, but you will still need to visit the store and buy the missing ones.
The main garden tool, of course, is a shovel. They are of two types: with a rounded blade – used for digging, works at shallow depths; spade – needed for working on hard ground.
Bulky tools will also require: rakes – for the final tillage, loosening, cleaning the leaves; chopper – for tillage with grass cover, weeds, hilling, loosening, breaking up clods of earth; spit (lawn mower) – to remove thickets of grass, weeds; Pitchfork – for digging, handling grass, hay.
From the hand tool you will need: a hand shovel – useful for working with a separate plant (digging during transplantation and others); hand rake for loosening; manual forks for undermining of roots, loosening.
For the processing of trees and shrubs also need their tools. The list is small: manual pruner for cutting off extra branches; a small hatchet for cutting down plantings; short hand saw for removing branches of medium thickness; garden shears (brush cutter) to form a crown of shrubs.
For the harvest of root crops are used: large and manual shovels; ladder (not a tool, but a valuable fixture); garden knife (used mainly to assemble melons); potato digger (useful on a large plantation); manual cultivator (fruit remover) for assembling fruits from trees.
Also in the course of garden and garden work can not do without buckets, bags, stretchers. So the shopping list will be quite extensive. And that’s not it. Separate articles deserve diseases and pests, as well as methods and means of combating them.
At first it can be difficult to determine the varieties of plants. You need to protect your beds and gardens from freezing, getting wet, drought … You need to study local legislation and make sure that your actions do not violate the rights of others.
In a word, it is necessary to get a serious theoretical experience so that in practice everything goes smoothly, and the harvest will be the envy of friends and acquaintances.